Some Interesting Facts about Candles

  • Whale fat was the choice of the earliest candles, dating back to around 200 BC, originating in China. Around 400 AD the candle arrived in Europe and was mainly produced form various natural fats and tallow.
  • A candle is a block of solid fuel, normally wax, with a wick, which when lit provides light and heat. Most commonly made from paraffin they are also made from beeswax, soy and other types of wax.
  • Candles are usually made by melting the wax to it’s optimum temperature and often the candle is coloured or scented prior to pouring. When candles are mixed with scent and dye it’s important to get the proportions right. Incorrect ratios can lead to a poorly performing candle.
  • When you light a candle a small amount of wax vaporizes. The fuel then combines with oxygen and a flame is born. It keeps burning because the heat of the flame continues to melt wax. This liquid fuel travels up the wick using “capillary action” (where liquid flows against the flow of gravity due to inter-molecular forces between the solid and liquid wax) and the fuel is then vaporized, again combining with oxygen to sustain the flame.
  • It’s always a good idea to keep the wick trimmed to approximately a quarter of an inch. This helps the candle to burn efficiently and it eliminates smoking.
  • A calm, steady candle flame indicates the burning process is working efficiently. The wick is pulling up the right amount of wax which is then being consumed by the flame.
  • Flickering and smoking occur when the teardrop shape of the flame is disturbed. This is usually caused if the candle is exposed to either too much or too little air. Try to burn your candles in a well-ventilated room, away from drafts, vents or strong air currents.
  • If you like to cluster candles for visual impact, make sure they are at least 3 inches apart when burning. Candles placed too closely together can create their own draft and cause the candles to flare.
  • At the hottest part of the flame, the temperature is around 1,400 °C. The average flame temperature is about 1,000 °C.
  • Candle users use candles to light up living rooms, kitchens & their bedrooms and like to present candles to friends as house-warming and party gifts.

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