Rose quartz is one of the most desirable varieties of quartz. Its delicate color ranges from pink to rose-red and is completely unique, unlike any other pink mineral species. Rose Quartz is usually too cloudy to be faceted, but a few crystal specimens with excellent color and clarity have been made into very fine gems. Transparent crystals of Rose Quartz are very rare; their pink color is photosensitive and can fade when exposed to sunlight.
For many years Rose Quartz was believed to only form in massives (large, amorphous lumps) and this was considered unusual because all other types of Quartz, such as Amethyst, Citrine and Rock Crystal, grow in beds of well structured crystals. There is no obvious reason why Rose Quartz does not form crystals as readily as other quartz varieties, which adds to the stone’s scientific mysteries. So amazing are the rose quartz crystals that the first ones, discovered in Brazil in 1959, were dismissed as fakes by mineralogists from around the world. Brazil remains the only source of Rose Quartz crystals found so far.
In some areas Rose Quartz forms with Rutile needles embedded in the stone, which causes ‘asterism’, a star of light shimmering on the surface of the stone. In this, as with its other qualities, Rose Quartz is unusual. Most stones display asterism when light reflects off their surface, whereas Rose Quartz displays asterism when light is shone through the stone.
Where are Rose Quartz found?
Rose Quartz is found in Brazil, Madagascar, India, Germany, Australia, Scotland and several areas of the United States. Custer, South Dakota, was for many years a top source of high quality Rose Quartz, but now most of the world’s supply of good quality rose quartz comes from Brazil. Brazil is also the only current source of true well-formed crystals of rose quartz.
Clarity: Usually Rose Quartz is semi-transparent to translucent. Some samples of Rose Quartz features internal fractures that give the gem a cloudy translucence; they can appear to be almost opaque and/or appear to transmit a slightly orange glow when illuminated from behind.
Finest Rose Quartz is often highly transparent, and is usually faceted – but generally transparent rose quartz is very rare and is usually so pale that it does not show very much color except in large sizes.
Cut: Usually too cloudy to be faceted, most Rose Quartz is cut into cabochons, beads, or shaped into crystal points. Carved spheres, obelisks, pyramids and figurines are also popular.
Throughout history, Rose Quartz has been a symbol for love and beauty. The Greeks believed that God Eros created this gem when he saw the pain and loneliness caused by anger, in the hope that its beautiful color and gentle energy would arouse love and desire among people.
Known as a stone of love, rose quartz is believed to encourage love, compassion and harmony. It is believed to not only be helpful in attracting love, but also encourages friendship, love of the Divine, self-acceptance, romance, kindness and compassion for others. As a stone of love, tenderness and sensuality, Rose Quartz is a powerful aphrodisiac, stimulating sensual imagination.
Beads of Rose Quartz were found in the area once known as Mesopotamia (today’s Iraq) that date back to 7000 BC. Rose Quartz jewelry was known to be crafted by the Assyrians during the time span of 800-600 BC, and it is believed that the Assyrians along with the Romans were first to use this stone. The Romans used it for making seals as a sign of ownership. They also considered it a strong healing stone. Egyptians believed the pink stone prevented aging. Australian sorcerers make a powerful sacred water out of this stone that they call liquefied Quartz and consider to be a panacea.
Today it is known as the “Stone of Gentle Love” or the “Stone of Unconditional Love”.
Rose Quartz is one of the zodiac stones for those born under the star sign Scorpio, at the end of harvest, from October 23 – November 21. Scorpio is represented by a scorpion, and is known as the Success sign. Scorpios are complicated, independent, and creative with a sense of humor. They are excellent leaders and sometimes a bit competitive. Rose Quartz, with its light pink/red color, is one of the natural birthstones of those born in (October 22 – November 20). Red and pink crystals bring you energy, courage, passion, and love.
Rose Quartz is also said to strengthen the romantic ardor of Taurus and Libra’s determination.
Care and cleaning: Warm soapy water is the best cleaning method for the stone. Over time, Rose Quartz crystals are prone to fading and are best kept away from prolonged sunlight. They are also prone to crack or chip rather easily and should be handled with care.
Written by Brenda for Kharma Creations
Florence Megemont, The Metaphysical Book of Gems and Crystals (Rochester, VT: Healing Arts Press, 2008).